Pest Control – How to Get Rid of Pests in Your Home

Pests cause damage to property and can spread diseases such as salmonellosis, encephalitis, and candidiasis. Clutter provides hiding places for pests and impedes preventive measures like keeping garbage cans covered and disposed of regularly.

When pest control is done right, spraying and chemical products are used minimally, if at all. Instead, methods like nematodes—microscopic worms that live in the soil—work to eradicate unwanted pests. Contact Pest Control Irving TX now!

Rodents are warm-blooded mammals that, like humans, thrive in many habitats. They can be found around the world in every climate from the Arctic snows to the driest desert and the wettest tropical forests. Despite their global distribution, rodents are notorious pests that cause billions in crop damage and act as secondary hosts for diseases that plague humans including the bubonic plague.

The most common rodents are mice and rats. These small mammals have robust bodies, short limbs, and long tails. Their incisor teeth are specially adapted for gnawing. They are also capable of digging burrows and constructing tunnel homes. Rodents are social animals that mating in pairs or groups with a high rate of interbreeding and have litters of altricial young (less developed at birth).

Mice and rats can squeeze through openings a fraction of their body size to enter homes and businesses. Inside, they seek warmth, food and water, storing food in accessible areas such as cabinets, drawers, or the backs of stove walls. They also build nests in attics, wall cavities, crawl spaces, under furniture, or the cushions of stuffed furniture. In the yard, they are attracted to mulch piles and firewood, but will make do with the garden if food is available.

In homes and businesses, the first sign of a rodent infestation is often rodent droppings or gnaw marks. They may also leave signs of gnawing on food packaging, in drawers or cupboards, in the walls, ceiling, or floors.

Integrated pest management for rodents includes regular inspection of indoor spaces and outdoor surroundings to identify areas that provide food, water, or shelter. This includes regularly removing leaves and debris that provide shelter, as well as storing garbage in tightly-sealed containers. It also includes the elimination of potential rodent access routes through landscaping, ensuring that all outdoor garbage bins have secure lids, and the securing of compost piles to prevent rodents from entering.

Other methods for controlling rodents include the use of traps and poisons, which can be effective if used correctly and in combination with other control methods. There are also biological controls that reduce the fertility of rodents, which require less human intervention and have fewer side effects than conventional chemical controls.


Insects are the most common and widespread of all land animals, occupying nearly every microhabitat on earth. They are extremely diverse and important as predators, prey, parasites, hosts, herbivores or decomposers.

They can be found in all types of environments and may live alone or in groups. Termites, for example, are social insects, living in colonies with their own king and queen. Other social insects, such as ants and bees, also live in organized groups. Insects vary in size from microscopic to about 12 inches long (0.3 meters). Many insect species have coloration that helps them blend in with their surroundings, or hard body armor to protect them. Many also have stingers to defend themselves or produce poisons to kill their enemies.

Pests can be found in homes, buildings, and agricultural fields and can damage crops or plants. They also can cause diseases that affect human beings. Rodents, for example, are vectors of a wide range of diseases including leptospirosis, murine typhus, trichinosis, salmonellosis, and cholera. They can also damage structures by chewing on wires, insulation, and wood. In addition, they can cause fires by chewing through electrical wiring.

There are many ways to control pests, including prevention, biological control, cultural practices, and chemical controls. Prevention involves removing sources of food, water and shelter for the pests. It also includes cleaning up discarded food, keeping garbage tightly closed, fixing leaks, and clearing away brush and debris where pests may hide.

Biological controls use natural enemies of the pests to reduce their numbers. These may include predators, such as birds and rodents; parasites, such as nematodes, which infect and consume other organisms; or pathogens that destroy or suppress the pests’ growth and development.

Cultural controls, such as crop rotation and good soil management, reduce the number of pests by making it harder for them to find food and shelter. Chemical controls, such as insecticides, herbicides, and rodenticides, can be targeted to specific pests or used in integrated pest management programs that also make use of biological, cultural, and physical controls.

When pests do occur, it is often necessary to determine how much damage they cause before taking action to control them. Eradication is rarely a goal in outdoor pest situations, but controlling them to below damaging levels is usually the aim.

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are among the most difficult pests to control. They are well adapted to hiding and can survive without feeding for up to three weeks. These pests are primarily active at night and feed by biting their host through the skin at the joints of the legs and arms. They are also known to bite other areas of the body including the face, neck, and chest. Adults are about the size of an apple seed with a rounded head and a pointed abdomen. They are dark brown to black in color. The bites of these insects are often swollen and reddened and may itch. Infestations usually begin in a single room but can quickly spread to adjacent rooms.

They are more likely to be transported in from outside than many other pests and because of increased global travel, they have made a resurgence around the world in recent years. These pests tend to concentrate close to where people sleep but will crawl farther if necessary to find food. They are most common in hotel rooms, but have been found in schools, offices, libraries, restaurants, and other workplaces. Infestations in the workplace typically remain confined to workstations and seating and are less likely to result in the types of broader outbreaks seen in homes and apartments.

Insecticides used to control other pests do not seem to be effective against these insects. The best course of action is to hire a pest control company if you suspect an infestation. If a pesticide is used, it should be applied according to label safety directions and the space treated should be ventilated.

Before a professional arrives, separating the furniture in an infested room is helpful. This makes it easier to treat the entire area. Taking all clothing out of drawers, and double bagging them is also a good idea. Vacuuming all surfaces and cracks and crevices with a hose attachment is important. In addition, a desiccant like diatomaceous earth (not to be confused with pool or food grade) may help dry out the pests and may offer some control, but this is a slow process.


Wasps are best known for their swarms and buzzing, but they’re more than just a nuisance. The fact is, only a small percentage of the 30,000 species of wasps actually live in nests, and they’re generally less aggressive and sting far fewer people than bees. Nevertheless, wasps should only be interfered with when they’re nesting in an area where they pose a threat or are bothering people with their presence.

Usually, this means keeping food covered and stowing away uncovered trash bins that attract wasps. It also means securing any cracks and crevices that could allow wasps to get into your house. You should regularly inspect the eaves, the mortar between bricks, and areas around vents and garages.

Another way to reduce wasp activity is by using a trap to lure them and keep them from swarming. You can make one of these traps in about five minutes by cutting off the top of a two-liter bottle and inserting it into the bottom, then securing it with tape or wood. This trap works by luring wasps in with sugar water, and you can hang it near a nest or common areas where they like to congregate.

In addition to traps, you can try spraying a nest with an insecticide specifically formulated for wasps and hornets. The trick is to observe the nest before applying, and if you can catch it when most of the wasps are dormant, it’s easier to kill them all.

Once the wasps are dead, you can remove their nest and dispose of it in a heavy-duty garbage bag or outdoor trash can with a tight lid. However, for a larger nest, it may be best to call pest control professionals who have the equipment and expertise to safely remove it without disturbing the wasp population.

Wasps can be aggressive if provoked, and their sting can be painful, even life-threatening. They typically sting if their territory is violated while they’re out foraging or pollinating, or if someone approaches their nest. It’s important to avoid attempting to dismantle or destroy nests on your own, especially when they’re located in an accessible place.